October 6, 2012
The man is all the moment in constant interaction with the environment that the fence, either organizacional, educational, urban or ecological it and for being psychology the science that has as study object the behavior, why a sub-area not to investigate the man and the environment, with a special attention the interaction between the two? Therefore, little spread out in Brazil, but of great relevance, Moser (1998, p.121) says that: Ambient psychology studies the person in its context, having as central subject ' ' Inter-relaes' ' not only the relations? between the person and the physical and social environment. Ambient Psychology has for objective to analyze the forms as ambient conditions affect the cognitivas capacities, mobilizing the social behaviors that cause impact to the mental health of the individuals, beyond contributing for analysis of the perceptions and interpretations of the people on the environment. It can work with other areas of form knowledge to interdisciplinar, as sociology and urban anthropology, ergonomics, industrial drawing, paisagismo, forest engineering, biology, medicine, architecture, urbanism and geography, among others. its metodolgica boarding, goes to be directed through the problem, being many of them benefited by a plurality of methods as observacionais, experimental, among others. It uses the model research-action, in which the researcher tries to contribute for practical theory and in its area (GNTHER. ROZESTRATEN, 2004). To define Ambient Psychology as a field of studies inside of Psychology, is to make possible the understanding of as the individual reacts to the conditions of the environment; to be able to evaluate and to perceive that the spaces physicists also go to influence in the way to act of the people, therefore he is interacted differently depending on the place; to understand concepts as: personal space, secular dimension or projection in the future and reference to the past, history; to also be able to see as the individual if holds in the environment where it lives with the sprouting of illnesses, at last, to perceive that the psychologist can act in some fields and of form to multidiscipline, in the direction where the ambient problems are so complex that they costumam to demand a boarding from different vises, needing a contribution to interdisciplinar (WIESENFELD, 2005).