March 18, 2015
Thus, osteoporose is a chronic illness, provoked for diverse factors, mainly is related to the aging, is of increasing importance, having in sight the increase of the population expectation, that in Brazil for the women is of approximately 72 years (PAIVA, et al. ; 2003). Considering this estimate, it is defined osteoporose as a sistmica esqueltica clutter characterized by the comprometimento in the ssea resistance, that premakes use the increase of breakings, had mainly to advance of the age. The ssea resistance reflects in the integration of the mineral density and in the ssea quality, that are the main aspects to unchain the illness (MILK, et al. ; 2008).
For Freitas, et al., (2006), osteoporose is a pathology that reaches in special the individual when it goes if approaching to the oldness, being this of little diagnosis. The identification of the women in the after-menopause with factors of risk for breakings helps to facilitate the precocious intervention, it assists in the maintenance, or the increase of the ssea mass thus reducing the breaking risk (MILK, et al. ; 2008). Osteoporose is a esqueltica, sistmica illness, characterized for the loss of the ssea mass and for the deterioration of the microarchitecture of the fabric sseo, with consequent increase of the ssea fragility, and the susceptibility to the breaking (KAUFFMAN, 2001, P. 68). According to Guyton and Hall (1998), osteoporose is a ssea illness that acomete in special the person in the adult phase mainly in the oldness, therefore it provokes reduction of the matrix of the bone.
Genetic, and racial, sociocultural and economic, nutricionais the differences and of public resources of health in diverse countries contribute to explain the divergences in the incidence and prevalence of osteoporose (MARTINI, et al. ; 2009). For Lanzillotti, et al., (2003), the women when they arrive in the menopause tends to increase the renewal and to reduce the ssea constitution, what it can lead to the disappearance of the ssea mass.